It’s no secret that floral prints have circulated around the world. Not only are they beautiful to look at it, but every flower has its own symbolic meaning attached to it. As such, it’s no wonder that through the ages, floral fabric has become adorned with love and appreciation.
Through all the imports and exports across the world, there is a wide variety of floral fabric enjoyed and admired. Not only is the floral pattern ubiquitous in fashion, but many people are realizing its beauty in design as well.
China and its brocade
China is a country with a rich and fascinating culture full of beautiful items and inventions. Floral prints are no exception to this. The Chinese people have embroidered beautiful, intricate floral designs since centuries ago. This includes peonies, lotus, and carnations.
The brocade pattern is one notable floral fabric created by the Chinese people in the ancient times. It has been considered as a luxury fabric that is only worn by the Chinese nobility.
India and the Chintz
India has so much to offer. When it comes to textiles, they have come a long way from the 3rd to the 21st century. The clothing in India has undergone drastic changes that is influenced by the main religious cultures in the country. It has been influenced by Islam, Jainism, Hinduism, and Christianity.
The Chintz is one of the main contributions of India. This is a textile that was introduced to Europe in the 17th century by British and Dutch merchants. These fabrics were originally handmade by the Indians at around 1600 to 1800. During this time, the Europeans were baffled on how it was created and so they continued to import it and sold them for very high prices that only the nobles could afford.
Byzantium and the Arabesque
Byzantium (modern-day Istanbul) was an ancient Greek colony in the early times and its beginnings has been shrouded in mystery. But one thing is for sure — they have embroidered some of the most fantastic symmetrical floral designs and have become the greatest producer of silk floral motifs in the Western world. They also made different designs that is unique to their culture and some of the flowers they used are carnations, lilies, and daisies.
The Arabesque was mainly influenced by countries of the Arabic world, with its roots discovered in the early Byzantine artists. This design is influenced by Islamic art and architecture. The Arabesque art form is not strictly made up of floral patterns but rather are rhythmic linear patterns of scrolling and interlacing foliage.
Late Baroque age in Europe
The Rococo or the Late Baroque was an art movement in Europe occurring during the 1730s to 1760s. The floral designs in this era was characterized by S-curve lines and the use of many ornaments. It was an age of elegance, sophistication, and decoration. Intricate flower designs were adorned in flowing gowns and accessories populated the outfits during these times.
The Chinoiserie is an imitation of the Chinese and East Asian art. It is sort of a European interpretation of the creative arts that came from East Asia. The Chinoiserie fabric is not limited to florals but rather it encompasses the East Asian culture as a whole, especially paying tribute to China.
The Italian brocade
The Italians were one of the first who let the floral designs and patterns bloom in popularity once more. This is when the Venetian laces came into fruition and are still being used today. They paid tribute to the Western world and exquisite floral designs were introduced. The Italians were both traded with the Chinese and the Ottoman Empire and this resulted in evolved floral patterns inspired by East Asia and the Turks.
The Italian brocade is characterized with exquisite beautiful and elegant floral designs embroidered on luxurious silk. The floral decoration was complex, but some motifs were heavily inspired by the designs of China, India, and Persia.
American floral print
The flowery fabrics in the USA has gone through a lot of changes through the ages. The showcase of floral fashions in the US started in the 1900s and as the years have gone by, it evolved into different kinds of styles. Now, American contemporary florals have made its way to every artist and dressmakers.
The Bohemian fabric pattern was inspired by the Bohemian Movement that happened in the mid-1960s. It used the term “flower power” to describe the youth of that generation. It gives a contradictory image of childlike innocence and sexual maturity, reflected in the fashion of that time.
What started out in a few countries in Asia soon blossomed in Europe and onto the New World via mass trading and exporting. The floral fabric started out worn by royals and noble families, but eventually became accessible to the general public.
Today we see floral fabric in all its glory everywhere. Visible on the low hanging dresses to the corners that cover our windows at night. Today, the floral fabric comes in all shapes and sizes, and appreciating the different types of all countries can help us choose the right one for us.